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Jade deutsch

jade deutsch

Jade (der oder die; von chin. 玉 Yù) ist die Bezeichnung von Mineral-Gemengen, gebildet überwiegend aus Jadeit bzw. dem weicheren Nephrit, die in ganz. Jade (der oder die; von chin. 玉 Yù) ist die Bezeichnung von Mineral-Gemengen, gebildet überwiegend aus Jadeit bzw. dem weicheren Nephrit, die in ganz. Übersetzung im Kontext von „jade“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: jade bay. Hallo, vielleicht könnt Ihr mir helfen: Die meisten dieser Objekte stammen aus Gräbern und wurden teilweise lottozahlen aktuelle ziehung für Bestattungen extra angefertigt bzw. Bei Bestattungen wurden die neun Körperöffnungen mit Jadeplättchen verschlossen. Bereits im zwischen und v. Sie steht Beste Spielothek in Stamersdorf finden Rechtschaffenheit, weil sie zwar am Körper herabhängt, ihn aber nicht verletzt. Im übrigen Mitteleuropa sowie ins Süd- und Osteuropa fehlen Jadegegenstände hingegen mit Ausnahme Kretas, siehe unten. Ein Beispiel aus dem Best in slot shadow.

Start by gently tossing the jade in your hand because jade is very dense and tends to be heavier than it looks. Then, tap the two stones together to see if they sound like plastic beads clicking together, or if they produce a more resonant sound.

If they sound like plastic, one of the pieces is probably fake. You can also do a scratch test because true jade is extremely hard and will scratch glass and most metals without damage to the stone.

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Learn about real jade. Only jadeite jade and nephrite jade are considered authentic jade. Jade is either nephrite or jadeite. Jadeite has is slightly harder, takes a higher gloss polish glassy and can be gray most common and least valuable , green, orange, lavender, yellow or white.

It is graded with same criterion as a gemstone, with emerald green being comparable in value to an emerald. Nephrite is slightly less hard than jadeite, but still at 5.

This is the most important test to distinguish jade from softer substitutes, which don't require abrasives to carve. Learning the colors and texture of jadeite and nephrite they are different!

The most valuable colors are pure white and translucent celadon. Jade can come from many places, but the most common and least valuable gray or grayish green.

Be aware of what constitutes imitation jade. Materials passed off as jade include: These are all nephrite.

They also regard a fourth type of pounamu - tangiwai - from Milford Sound which, although prized, is actually bowenite and authentic jade in the eyes of the rest of the world.

Hold the jade up to a bright light. If possible, examine the internal structure with a 10X loupe. Can you see little fibrous or granular, felt-like, asbestos-like intertwinings?

If so, it's probably genuine nephrite or jadeite. Chrysoprase, on the other hand, is microcrystalline, so it'll look homogeneous.

This takes a trained and experienced eye. If you see anything resembling layers with the 10X loupe, you're probably looking at jadeite that's been "doubled" or even "tripled" thin layer of gem-quality jadeite sometimes glued over a different base.

Learn to recognize deceptive practices. This refers to jadeite jewelry, not to nephrite carvings. Even if you have real jade in your hands, it can still be treated by dyeing, bleaching, use of stabilizing polymers, or creating jade doublets and triplets.

Jade is divided into three categories based on these possibilities: Type A - Natural, untreated, undergoes a traditional process plum juice washing and polishing with beeswax , no "artificial treatments" e.

This has a "true" color. Type B - Chemically bleached to remove impurities; injected with polymer with the use of a centrifuge to enhance translucency; covered with hard and clear plastic like coating.

Type C - Chemically bleached; dyed to enhance color; subject to discoloration over time due to reaction with strong light, body heat or household detergent.

Toss the stone in the air and catch it in your palm. Real jade has a very high density, which means it will feel somewhat heavier than it looks.

If it feels heavier than most stone pieces of the same size and passes the eye test, it is more likely to be authentic jade.

Tap the stones together. Another traditional way to judge the density of stones without measuring is to observe the sound of plastic beads gently tapping each other.

If you have a piece of real jade, clink it against the stone in question. If it sounds like plastic beads, then the stone in question is probably fake.

If there's a deeper, more resonant sound to the clicking, it might be authentic. Hold the piece of jade in your hand. It should feel cold, smooth and somewhat soap-like in your hand.

It should take a while to get warm if it is real. This is most helpful when you can compare it to real jade of a similar shape and size.

Perform a scratch test. This method is the most reliable of the basic tests. Jadeite is very hard; it will scratch glass or even metal. Nephrite, however, can be softer, so performing a scratch test improperly may damage a genuine piece.

If it scratches glass or steel, it could still be many of the alternatives to jade as well, including the various forms of green quartz and prehnite.

Use the blunt end of a pair of scissors and gently press down and draw a line on an area on the jade piece. Do this on the bottom side to avoid vandalizing the carving.

Avoid any weathering surfaces because these are much softer and can be easily damaged. If the scratch makes a white line, gently wipe it off it might be metal residue from the scissors.

Is there still a scratch? If so, it's probably not authentic jade. Divide the weight of the substance by the volume. Both jadeite and nephrite have a very high density jadeite - 3.

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The English word jade is derived via French l'ejade and Latin ilia "flanks, kidney area" [1] from the Spanish term piedra de ijada first recorded in or "loin stone", from its reputed efficacy in curing ailments of the loins and kidneys.

Nephrite is derived from lapis nephriticus , a Latin translation of the Spanish piedra de ijada. During Neolithic times, the key known sources of nephrite jade in China for utilitarian and ceremonial jade items were the now depleted deposits in the Ningshao area in the Yangtze River Delta Liangzhu culture — BC and in an area of the Liaoning province and Inner Mongolia Hongshan culture — BC.

Jade was used to create many utilitarian and ceremonial objects, from indoor decorative items to jade burial suits. Jade was considered the "imperial gem".

From the earliest Chinese dynasties to the present, the jade deposits most in use were not only those of Khotan in the Western Chinese province of Xinjiang but other parts of China as well, such as Lantian, Shaanxi.

There, white and greenish nephrite jade is found in small quarries and as pebbles and boulders in the rivers flowing from the Kuen-Lun mountain range eastward into the Takla-Makan desert area.

From the Kingdom of Khotan , on the southern leg of the Silk Road , yearly tribute payments consisting of the most precious white jade were made to the Chinese Imperial court and there worked into objects d'art by skilled artisans as jade had a status-value exceeding that of gold or silver.

Jade became a favourite material for the crafting of Chinese scholars' objects, such as rests for calligraphy brushes, as well as the mouthpieces of some opium pipes , due to the belief that breathing through jade would bestow longevity upon smokers who used such a pipe.

Jadeite, with its bright emerald-green, pink, lavender, orange and brown colours was imported from Burma to China only after about It quickly became almost as popular as nephrite and a favorite of Qing Dynasty's nouveau riche, while scholars still had strong attachment to nephrite white jade, or Khotan , which they deemed to be the symbol of a nobleman.

In the history of the art of the Chinese empire, jade has had a special significance, comparable with that of gold and diamonds in the West.

The character has a similar range of meanings when appearing as a radical as parts of other characters.

It is the largest sculpture made from a single jade rock in the world. India is also noted for its craftsman tradition of using large amounts of green serpentine or false jade obtained primarily from Afghanistan in order to fashion jewellery and ornamental items such as sword hilts and dagger handles.

The use of jade and other greenstone was a long-term tradition in Korea c. Jade is found in small numbers of pit-houses and burials.

The craft production of small comma -shaped and tubular "jades" using materials such as jade, microcline , jasper , etc. After the state of Silla united the Korean Peninsula in , the widespread popularisation of death rituals related to Buddhism resulted in the decline of the use of jade in burials as prestige mortuary goods.

Today, it is estimated that Burma is the origin of upwards of 70 percent of the world's supply of high-quality jadeite.

Most of the jadeite mined in Burma is not cut for use in Burma, instead being transported to other nations, primarily in Asia, for use in jewelry and other products.

Jadeite in Burma is primarily found in the "Jade Tract" located in Lonkin Township in Kachin State in northern Burma which encompasses the alluvial region of the Uyu River between the 25th and 26th parallels.

Khansee is also the only mine that produces Maw Sit Sit, a type of jade. From to to , mining was exclusively an enterprise of the Myanmar government.

In , , and , the Gemstone laws were modified to allow increasing private enterprise. In addition to this region, there are also notable mines in the neighboring Sagaing District, near the towns of Nasibon and Natmaw and Hkamti.

Sagaing is a district in Myanmar proper, not a part of the ethic Kachin State. Archaeologists have discovered two forms of jade that can be found across Taiwan through the Philippines, East Malaysia, central and southern Vietnam, and even extending to eastern Cambodia and peninsular Thailand.

These two forms are called linling-o penannular earring with three pointed circumferential projections and the double animal-headed ear pendant.

The forms are very similar in size and range from about 30—35mm in diameter. Evidence recovered from multiple sites from Taiwan, the Philippines, and the mainland southeast Asia suggests that Taiwan was the main source of the exchange of this kind jade.

During the Iron Age of Southeast Asia, there may have been skilled craftsmen traveling from Taiwan to southeast Asia along the coastline of the South China Sea, making jade ornaments for local inhabitants.

It is considered a taonga , or treasure, and therefore protected under the Treaty of Waitangi , and the exploitation of it is restricted and closely monitored.

Pounamu taonga increase in mana prestige as they pass from one generation to another.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Vulkano casino and Privacy Policy. Te Ara — the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Divide the weight Beste Spielothek in Furt finden the air by or if you have a calculator handy and subtract the weight in water divided by or if you have a calculator handy. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Khansee is also the only mine that produces Maw Sit Sit, a type of jade. The New York Times. Answer this question Deutschland fußball heute as Reader Approved Why choose wikiHow? Forgot Username or Password? Did this summary help you? I did not need so much info, but what I learned told me that backgammon on is authentic. We have a huge free DVD selection that you can download or stream.

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In addition to this region, there are also notable mines in the neighboring Sagaing District, near the towns of Nasibon and Natmaw and Hkamti.

Sagaing is a district in Myanmar proper, not a part of the ethic Kachin State. Archaeologists have discovered two forms of jade that can be found across Taiwan through the Philippines, East Malaysia, central and southern Vietnam, and even extending to eastern Cambodia and peninsular Thailand.

These two forms are called linling-o penannular earring with three pointed circumferential projections and the double animal-headed ear pendant.

The forms are very similar in size and range from about 30—35mm in diameter. Evidence recovered from multiple sites from Taiwan, the Philippines, and the mainland southeast Asia suggests that Taiwan was the main source of the exchange of this kind jade.

During the Iron Age of Southeast Asia, there may have been skilled craftsmen traveling from Taiwan to southeast Asia along the coastline of the South China Sea, making jade ornaments for local inhabitants.

It is considered a taonga , or treasure, and therefore protected under the Treaty of Waitangi , and the exploitation of it is restricted and closely monitored.

Pounamu taonga increase in mana prestige as they pass from one generation to another. The most prized taonga are those with known histories going back many generations.

These are believed to have their own mana and were often given as gifts to seal important agreements.

Tools, weapons and ornaments were made of it; in particular adzes , the ' mere ' short club , and the hei-tiki neck pendant.

Nephrite jewellery of Maori design is widely popular with locals and tourists, although some of the jade used for these is now imported from British Columbia and elsewhere.

Jade was a rare and valued material in pre-Columbian Mesoamerica. The only source from which the various indigenous cultures , such as the Olmec and Maya , could obtain jade was located in the Motagua River valley in Guatemala.

Generally, the material was highly symbolic, and it was often employed in the performance of ideological practices and rituals. Jade was first identified in Canada by Chinese settlers in in British Columbia.

At this time jade was considered worthless as they were searching for gold. Jade was not commercialized in Canada until the s.

The mining business Loex James Ltd. Mining is done from large boulders that contain bountiful deposits of jade.

Jade is exposed using diamond-tipped core drills in order to extract samples. This is done to ensure that the jade meets requirements. Hydraulic spreaders are then inserted into cleavage points in the rock so that the jade can be broken away.

Once the boulders are removed and the jade is accessible, it is broken down into more manageable tonne pieces using water-cooled diamond saws. The jade is then loaded onto trucks and transported to the proper storage facilities.

It was not until that French mineralogist, Alexis Damour , determined that what was referred to as "jade", could in fact be one of two different minerals: Nephrite consists of a microcrystalline interlocking fibrous matrix of the calcium, magnesium-iron rich amphibole mineral series tremolite calcium-magnesium -ferroactinolite calcium-magnesium-iron.

The middle member of this series with an intermediate composition is called actinolite the silky fibrous mineral form is one form of asbestos.

The higher the iron content, the greener the colour. Jadeite is a sodium- and aluminium-rich pyroxene. The precious form of jadeite jade is a microcrystalline interlocking growth of jadeite crystals.

Both nephrite and jadeite were used from prehistoric periods for hardstone carving. Jadeite has about the same hardness between 6.

However nephrite is tougher - more resistant to breakage. Among the earliest known jade artifacts excavated from prehistoric sites are simple ornaments with bead, button, and tubular shapes.

As metal-working technologies became available, the beauty of jade made it valuable for ornaments and decorative objects. Nephrite can be found in a creamy white form known in China as "mutton fat" jade as well as in a variety of light green colours, whereas jadeite shows more colour variations, including blue, red, black, dark green, lavender and white.

Translucent emerald-green jadeite is the most prized variety, both historically and today. As "quetzal" jade, bright green jadeite from Guatemala was treasured by Mesoamerican cultures, and as "kingfisher" jade, vivid green rocks from Burma became the preferred stone of post Chinese imperial scholars and rulers.

Burma Myanmar and Guatemala are the principal sources of modern gem jadeite. In the area of Mogaung in the Myitkyina District of Upper Burma, jadeite formed a layer in the dark-green serpentine, and has been quarried and exported for well over a hundred years.

In addition to Mesoamerica, jadeite was used by Neolithic Japanese and European cultures. Jade may be enhanced sometimes called "stabilized".

Some merchants will refer to these as grades, but degree of enhancement is different from colour and texture quality. In other words, Type A jadeite is not enhanced but can have poor colour and texture.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ornamental stone, commonly green. This article is about the gemstone. For other uses, see Jade disambiguation.

Jade use in Mesoamerica. Pre-Columbian Jade from Costa Rica.

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